The roughage they consume will most likely not provide them with all the nutrients they need to keep perfect health. It’s probably going to be necessary for you to supplement their diet with a coarse grain such as goat feed, corn, or another good grain product.
If you give your goats a diet that is almost all grain they will develop kidney problems that can be fatal. They might also develop a bloated stomach or become too fat. A goat has to have a balanced diet that contains between 75% and 80 percent of their dietary intake from natural roughage providing crops.
You might have discovered that a goat can eat whatever, or that a goat will eat anything. This isn’t correct. Many natural plants can make your creature very sick, or in some cases can cause premature death for the animal. Plants which will make your goats sick.
Keep plenty of fresh water available to your animals at all times. The quantity of water they will need will vary depending upon the moisture content in the food they’re eating. In the winter season if you live in a place that sees temperatures fall below freezing for long periods of time you will want to get a submersible heater to put in the water container so the animal water doesn’t freeze solid.
Shelter is a must for your animals. They need a dry area where they can get in out of the rain, and where they can sleep without the dew falling on them. Their shelter needs to provide them a way t escape the cold winds that blow in the winter, and provides them with security from natural predators.
Most goat owners put a thick layer of straw or hay inside their lands so their animals will have sufficient protection from the cold and dampness of the ground. You can set a wooden floor in your shelter if you choose.
A large dog house is also a fantastic shelter alternative for a goat. The animal will go within the structure and they will also climb on the structure. Many owners buy the small igloo dog houses and set them in their enclosure so their small animals can go inside them.
You will need to learn how to trim the hooves of your goats. You can set rocks or concrete blocks in the pen with the creature to assist them naturally keep their hooves, but from time to time you want to insect their hooves and cut off excess.
You need to install fences that the animal can’t squeeze through and cannot lift up to go under. Goats are famous for sticking their heads through the fence and often getting their horns wrapped up in the fence.
They will often push against the fence like they are scratching their hands on the fence so getting your fencing material properly secured to the fence-posts is quite important.
Signs that Your Goat is Sick
No matter how good you look after your animals there will be times that they get sick. The best way to find out whether you’ve got a sick animal is to pay attention to their normal behaviors. Then when one of these critters begins to act differently from what they normally do you’ll be quick to notice the difference.
• When They Don’t chew their cud
• When they refuse to get up
• When they are not eating like they normally do
• If their poop is liquid or solid rather than in pellets like it should be
• Walk and shout more than ordinary
• They stop drinking
• They begin to grind their teeth
• They have a limp
• They are staggering
• Their udders are hot to the touch
• They’re coughing
• Their eyelids or gums are ale in color
• They have a runny nose
They’ll help to maintain property clear of shrubs and weeds, and the young ones will bring a fair price when you sell them. Taking care of the animals is not really tough to do, as well as the benefits outweigh any trouble that the care presents.
Taking care of your new animals will be one of the most important things you do.